Muharram 10, in the year 61 AH, a war between Muhammad’s grandson, Husayn ibn Ali, and the large military led by Yazid ibn Mu’awiya happened in Karbala. The war that killed Hussein was known as The Battle of Karbala. This battle eventually became a Shia identity and was remembered in various ritual forms as a collective memory. In countries such as Iraq, Iran, India, Pakistan and Afghanistan, Shia Muslims commemorate the Battle of Karbala every year in the Islamic month of Muharram.
Pariaman is home to most Sunni Muslims. This city is also the place where Islam first entered West Sumatra. However, the city is famous for its public rituals held in the month of Muharram. This procession is known as Batabuik. This is one of the other collective memories in the world to remembering The Battle of Karbala.