Barus has been discussed by the world since centuries ago. In ancient literature from Arabia, Egypt, China to the Romans once recorded a region on the west coast of Sumatra Island that refers to Barus. Claudius Ptolemaeus, a geographer from Rome, in the 2nd century AD wrote Barousai on his world map. Tome Pires called Fansur as the name of this city.
The traders are interested in camphor which grows in Barus. Even Ramses II imported camphor from here. Not only traders, the propagators of religion came through this city. Some historians believe Islam entered Indonesia via Barus. The place on the west coast of Sumatra is an ancient metropolitan city.
However, Barus is currently a quiet city. The track of glory is almost gone. Today, Barus is a forgotten city.